1964, “Two bombs and one star” did meritorious service
At 15:00 on October 16, 1964, an intense light flashed over the Northwest China Nuclear Weapons Development Base. After the earth-shaking noise, the giant fireball turned into a mushroom cloud and rose into the sky. China’s first atomic bomb detonated successfully! Cheers in the test site were thunderous, and all the test participants were full of tears and excitement.
Two hours later, Zhou Enlai accompanied Mao Zedong and others to meet the cast and crew of the large-scale music and dance epic “Dongfanghong” in the Great Hall of the People. He announced the good news with a spring breeze, and people cheered. That night, the Central People’s Broadcasting Station continued to broadcast information, and the People’s Daily published an extra for this. The Chinese government issued a statement stating that: The Chinese government has always advocated the complete prohibition and thorough destruction of nuclear weapons. China develops atomic weapons for defense. China will not be the first to use nuclear weapons at any time and under any circumstances.
The “Eastern Loud Sound” shocked the world. This results from the Chinese Communist Party and the Chinese government’s emphasis on science and technology and decisive decision-making. It is the crystallization of the wisdom and hard work of the vast number of scientific and technological workers. In the mid-1950s, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China took a long-term view, judged the situation, and decisively decided to develop cutting-edge defense science and technology with the “two bombs and one satellite” as the core. My country’s national defense advanced science and technology implements the policy of “self-reliance as the mainstay, and foreign aid as the supplement”, through its scientific research and construction practices, training talents, mastering technology, and gradually embarking on a path of healthy development.
In November 1962, the Central Committee established a special committee headed by Zhou Enlai (the Central Special Committee). Under the strong leadership of the Central Committee, the nationwide “one game of chess” and joint research and development have greatly accelerated the development process of “two bombs and one satellite”. The story of the atomic bomb took the lead in achieving a breakthrough in 1964. On October 27, 1966, my country’s first surface-to-surface missile equipped with a nuclear warhead successfully flew and exploded. On June 17, 1967, my country’s first hydrogen bomb air-burst test was successful, becoming the fourth country in the world to master hydrogen bomb technology. On April 24, 1970, my government successfully launched the first artificial satellite “Dongfanghong-1” with the “Long March One” carrier rocket.
On April 24, 1970, China successfully launched the first artificial satellite “Dongfanghong-1” with the “Long March One” carrier rocket. Xinhua News Agency Pictures
Many outstanding scientists, scientific researchers, engineering, and management personnel have devoted themselves to developing the “two bombs and one satellite”. They set up bases in the deserted deserts and deep mountains and valleys of the Gobi, overcoming unimaginable difficulties, abandoning everything that needs to be personally left, working in obscurity, and some even sacrificed their precious lives. A group of scientists, such as Qian Xuesen and Deng Jiaxian, who had lived overseas, abandoned their excellent scientific research conditions and material benefits and returned to China one after another to serve.
A great cause has created a great spirit. The “two bombs and one-star” spirit of “love the motherland, selfless dedication, self-reliance, hard work, vigorous coordination, and the courage to climb” has become the precious spiritual wealth of the Chinese nation.